19 Απριλίου 2016

Greek polychrome painting on The Sarcophagus of the Amazons

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The Sarcophagus of the Amazons, third quarter of the 4th century BC. Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Firenze.
The sarcophagus, found in Tarquinia in 1869, is one of the most significant and emblematic monuments for the study of Greek polychrome painting. The sarcophagus, that belonged to an etruscan noblewoman, was painted with various scenes of an Amazonomachia by an artist from Magna Graecia.
Two similar Etruscan inscriptions executed by different hands, one on the lid and one on the chest, which has damaged the paintings and must have been added later.

RAMTHA HUZCNAI THUI ATI : NACNVA : LARTHIAL APAIATRUS ZIL ETERAIAS (lid)
RAMTHA : HUZCNAI : THUI : CESU : ATI : NACNA : LARTHIAL : APIATRUS ZIL ETERAIS
 (chest)
Both of the inscriptions can be translated as:
“Here lies Ramtha Huzcnai, deceased grandmother of Larthial Apaiatrus, “zii eteraia” (magistrate title).
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